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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
July-December 2020
Volume 6 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 59-102

Online since Monday, December 28, 2020

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REVIEW ARTICLE  

Isotretinoin: In acne and beyond – An overview Highly accessed article p. 59
Aditya Kumar Bubna
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_11_19  
Isotretinoin (ISO) has proven to be an extremely valuable drug for all dermatologists. Since its approval in 1982 by the US Food and Drug Administration for nodulocystic acne, it still remains the gold standard drug for the above indication till date, facing no competition from its contemporaries. Along with the treatment of nodulocystic acne, ISO has proved valuable in several other dermatoses as well. Further, even for treating acne, there have been a number of modifications as far as the prescription of ISO is concerned. This review will briefly highlight the various aspects of isotretinoin for acne and other cutaneous disorders.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

A pilot study to assess the effectiveness of local application of salbutamol and nitroglycerine for improvement of hand dexterity and comfort in extreme cold climate at high altitude p. 70
Surinderpal Singh, Gautam Kumar Singh, Atul Kotwal, Latika Mohan, Rajan Grewal
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_13_19  
Background: Reduced manual dexterity and hand comfort affect all people exposed to extreme cold. Ointment nitroglycerine 0.2% (NTG) and ointment salbutamol 0.5% (Sal) applied topically to the extremities could result in increased local blood flow and temperature, improving hand comfort and dexterity in extreme cold. Aim and Objectives: This study was designed to elucidate if the application of NTG or Sal would improve manual dexterity and hand comfort in extreme cold conditions. Materials and Methods: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted at 3500 m altitude in 105 individuals divided into three equal-sized groups. Group A received NTG, Group B placebo (white soft paraffin), and Group C Sal, for application to the extremities twice daily, for 2 weeks. Hand skin temperatures (Tsk), Pegboard scores, and a Graphic Rating Scale (GRS) for pain were compared before and after the intervention. Adverse effects and user acceptability criteria were recorded. Results: Participants of all three groups showed significant improvement in Tsk, Pegboard scores, and GRS scores postintervention, however none of the parameters were different between groups. The acceptability questionnaire scores were best in the placebo group. Conclusion: Neither NTG nor Sal was superior to placebo for improvement in hand comfort or dexterity, in extreme cold at high altitude.
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An open-label, prospective, comparative, double-arm clinical trial to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of minocycline extended-release formulation compared with minocycline immediate-release formulation in the management of patients with papulopustular acne p. 76
Sushil Pande, Gaurav Deshmukh, Dhiraj Dhoot, Nilesh Andhorikar
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_47_20  
Introduction: Minocycline because of its multiple advantages is considered as first-line therapy in the management of acne. However, conventional formulations of minocycline are associated with multiple side effects, thus limiting its use. Thus, extended-release formulation of minocycline was developed. Materials and Methods: This was an open-label, prospective, interventional, comparative, double-arm study. Patients with papulopustular acne were either received minocycline extended release (ER) 1 mg/kg/day or minocycline immediate release (IR) 100 mg/day for a period of 8 weeks. Safety was assessed by analyzing the adverse event (AE) profile in both the groups. Effectiveness was assessed by analyzing improvement in the mean inflammatory lesion count. Results: A total of 100 patients were included in the study, 50 in each group. A total of four AEs were reported by 2 (4.0%) patients in the ER group, whereas ten AEs were reported by 5 (10.0%) patients in the IR group. The mean inflammatory lesion count in the ER group at baseline was 14.95 ± 3.76, whereas in the IR group, it was 14.52 ± 3.38. Significant decrease in inflammatory lesion count was observed in both the groups during treatment period. Conclusion: The results of this study prove that ER formulation of minocycline is associated with better improvement in acne compared to IR formulation. The study also proves that ER formulation is associated with better safety profile compared to IR profile.
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BRIEF REPORT Top

Safety and efficacy of one week oral steroid therapy in the treatment of common eczemas: An open label randomized controlled pilot study Highly accessed article p. 81
Vikrant Abhay Saoji, Arun L Bhat
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_64_20  
Introduction: Oral steroids are not commonly used because of fear of side effects. A study was conducted to find out if a short course of 1 week of oral steroid without tapering is effective and safe for the treatment of common eczemas. Materials and Methods: Patients with common eczemas were included in the study. There were five groups. One group each received tablet prednisolone 15 mg morning and 10 mg after dinner for 7 days, tablet methylprednisolone 16 mg morning and 8 mg night for 7 days, and tablet betamethasone 2 mg morning and 1 mg night for 7 days. One group received tablet betamethasone 3 mg once a day as a single morning dose for 7 days and the last group received tablet deflazacort 18 mg morning and 12 mg night for 7 days only. All the patients also received topical clobetasol propionate cream for 1 month. However, the maximum permissible amount of topical clobetasol propionate was 30 g in a month. Basal serum cortisol at 8 am along with ACTH stimulation test was carried out in all the patients on day 10th. The tests were repeated on 30th day if negative on day 10th. Results: In all groups, rapid improvement was seen at visit 2, which further continued at visit 3. No suppressive effect on hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis was seen. Conclusion: A short course of oral steroid of 25 mg of prednisolone equivalent for a period of 7 days was found to be effective and safe, and 7 days of oral steroids do not need tapering.
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CASE REPORTS Top

Myriads of cutaneous manifestations with Nilotinib, treated by acitretin – a case report p. 85
Amrita A Hongal, TN Revathi, Seetharampura Ramamurthy Radhika, Kanathur Shilpa
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_13_20  
A remarkable advancement is been made in the treatment of cancer, through chemotherapeutic drugs like tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), etc. Chemotherapy induced cutaneous side effects are multiple and usually they are underreported. Nilotinib is a second generation TKI, which is approved for imatinib resistant CML. Various cutaneous and its appendageal changes have been noticed with the use of nilotinib usage. Here, we report such case of a 34 year old male, who is a case of CML being treated with Nilotinib for 2.5 years, presented to us with perforating folliculitis, psoriasiform dermatosis, KP like lesions, madarosis and textural changes of scalp hair.
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Response to intravenous immunoglobulin in a patient of drug reaction eosinophilia systemic symptom syndrome with renal involvement complicated by steroid-induced avascular necrosis of femur p. 88
Suman Patra, Richa Rupla, Saumya Narula, Dinesh P Asati
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_57_19  
Drug reaction eosinophilia systemic symptom (DRESS) is one of the most serious adverse drug reactions and corticosteroid is the mainstay of management. Here, we report a case of DRESS with renal involvement complicated by steroid-induced avascular necrosis of femur. The patient responded significantly with two courses of intravenous immunoglobulin given at monthly interval, and his corticosteroid dose could be tapered early.
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LETTERS TO EDITOR Top

Successful treatment of an uncommon disorder: Letterer-siwe disease p. 91
Bhagyashree Babanrao Supekar, Tejal Devidas Ghanate, Vaishali H Wankhade, Rajesh Pratap Singh
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_49_19  
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Efficacy and safety of a sustained-release preparation of pregabalin in chronic pruritus p. 93
Manju Meena, Kapil Vyas, Manisha Balai, Ashok Kumar Khare, Lalit Kumar Gupta, Asit Mittal
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_14_20  
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Multiple epidermoid cysts in a renal transplant patient taking tacrolimus p. 96
Anup Kumar Tiwary
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_28_20  
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Erythema gyratum repens responding to isotretinoin p. 97
Palvi Singla, Sukhjot Kaur, Sunil Kumar Gupta
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_46_20  
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Dramatic response to metronidazole in a patient with pemphigus foliaceus p. 99
Ahu Yorulmaz, Basak Yalcin, Emine Tamer, Merve Cansu Kaya, Beyza Koca
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_69_19  
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News from regulatory corner: Safety communication and recent drug approvals p. 101
Manasi Shirolikar
DOI:10.4103/ijdd.ijdd_70_20  
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